The Armed Forces Must Return to Closeness With The People

Posted by Admin on Monday, 11 November 1996 | Artikel

*Sayidiman Launches Book

Jakarta, Kompas Online

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia must keep an eye on both the physical and organizational metamorphosis of the national Armed Forces of Indonesia, in order to preserve its populist spirit. The Armed Forces must return to the people and mingle with them in order to be able to hear the aspirations of the people, including the joys and the sorrows of the multitude. Besides that, to face the challenges of the era, the time has come for the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia to study anew their doctrines and to redefine their identity.

This issue came to the fore in the critique of the book Leadership of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia in History and Their Struggle, written by Lieut.Gen. (Ret.) Sayidiman Suryohadiprojo, on Saturday (9/11). The critique of the book at its launching by publisher PT Intermasa, presented the following speakers; Advisor to the Minister for Research & Technology for Defense & Security, Maj.Gen. (Ret.) Zaeni Azhari Maulani, Deputy Governor of the Institute for National Defense, Prof Dr Juwono Sudarsono, Armed Forces history observer Dr Salim Said and management expert Prof Dr Wagiono Ismangil. A number of retired military notables were present, among them the former Commander of the Command for Restoration of Security and Public Order, Lieut.Gen. (Ret.) Soemitro, Lieut.Gen. (Ret.) Kemal Idris, Lieut.Gen. (Ret.) Ahmad Tirto Sudiro and others.

"The Armed Forces must have a populist spirit. They are the property of the people," said Maulani. In his discussion, the former Commander of the Tanjungpura military district pointed at the populist spirit as an important matter among seven other factors which influence the leadership of the National Armed forces of Indonesia. Those other factors are, nationalist spirit; resurgence of the people; autonomy; national integration; attitude of total civil defense and sense of national responsibility. Social development of the people is causing these pillars to be questioned.

Maulani disclosed his experience when with the Siliwangi division where the closeness of the army to the people was so cordial. "To the point where we became known as the ‘porch guards’, as there was were we used to stay when in the villagers’ dwellings. There we lived, stayed and came to know the aspirations of the people. We also came to know their sorrows and their enjoyments," said the former Chief of Staff of the Kujang Regiment in West Java. The impact of the armed forces living together with the people like that, rendered them inseparable from each other.

"But developments took place which forced the army to enter barracks which were fenced off and guarded. Physical distance like that had an influence on the attitude (of the army). Such physical and organizational metamorphosis must be watched," said Maulani. The destiny of the armed forces is no longer determined by the people but by their central leadership. Maulani was of the opinion that this matter had already been recognized by the Headquarters of the Armed Forces, as stated by Commander of the Armed Forces, Faisal Tanjung on the subject of the concept and spirit of a people’s army. "That means that all convictions, views, attitudes and behavior are rooted in the people," he said.

The people are not stupid

On the other hand Juwono Sudarsono said that with no inherited managerial ability, the (national) leadership improvises in the conduct of state. As a result, when giving leadership we are very willing and very prone to use instinct in its conduct. "In the army the saying goes that there are no stupid soldiers, just stupid officers. So it is with the people, there are no stupid people, just stupid leaders," he said.

According to Ahmad Tirto Sudiro, the guerilla experience shows that the armed forces and the people are like fish in the water. The problem is how to maintain the populist spirit and to transform it into the present.

Among other matters this discussion also covered the social cost incurred by society as a result of the leadership of the Armed forces during this time, including the ‘fears’ of the people caused by various pressures engendered by the security approach. According to Sayidiman, it should also be questioned what the condition of the Indonesian people would be if there should be no leadership of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia.

The book Leadership of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia has 452 pages and is the eighth book written by Lieut.Gen. (Ret.) Sayidiman Suryohadiprojo.(*)

11 November 1996
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Comment by kerja lulusan sma
2015-07-30 09:36:14

Indah Artikel ! Ini jenis Info yang seharusnya dibagi seberang internet
. Malu pada pencari mesin untuk tidak posisi ini mempublikasikan lebih tinggi!
Ayo lebih dan Kunjungan situs. Terima kasih =)

Comment by Ustinov
2008-11-06 07:20:11

Thanks for the post. Poznovatelno.

Comment by Sayidiman Suryohadiprojo
2008-11-07 07:40:17

Dear Mr. Ustinov, thanks for your comment. I appreciate it very much that you have looked into my blog and have taken time to read that article. Sayidiman Suryohadiprojo

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